Antibiotics Used as Animal Feed Additives
Does This Contribute to Increased Bacterial
Resistance to Antibiotics?
Organizations and Committees
WHO: World Health Organization
FDA Home Page
Center for Veterinary Medicine Home Page
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Home Page
National Research Council
- Summary of a book
"The Uses of Drugs in Food Animals: Benefits and Risks."
Union of Concerned Scientists
Center for Science in the Public
Interest (CSPI) Home Page
Animal Health Institute
Food Safety -
The EU Integrated Approach
General Discussions of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria
Farm Use of Antibiotics
Water, antibiotics and Animal Farm - A U.S. ban on sub-therapeutic antibiotic use in livestock production is long overdue.
Antibiotic Growth Promoters in Food Animals,
Peter Hughes and John Heritage, June 24, 2002
CSPI News Release: FDA Should Ban the Use of Certain Antibiotics to
Fatten Farm Animals, Groups Ask.
Dr Henney of the FDA, signed by health authorities and
organizations, asking that subtherapeutic use of antibiotics in
agriculture be curtailed
Agricultural use of antibiotics and the evolution and transfer of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Dr. George G. Khachatourians, Department of Applied Microbiology
and Food Science, College of Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan,
Saskatoon, Sask. has written this paper for the Journal of the Canadian
Medical Association, Nov. 3, 1998. It is a well-documented presentation of
the connection between overuse of antibiotics, in both human medicine
and agriculture, and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. He
states that the recommended levels of antibiotics for feeds were
just 5-10 ppm in the 1950s but have been increased by 10- to
20-fold since then. This shows directly that bacteria have developed
resistance to the antibiotics used in animal feed. (The statement about
the increased level may be true for tetracycline, but it is almost
certainly does not apply to all antibiotics).
BBC News | Antibiotics | Farmers warned of antibiotic
threat - A report by the BBC on antibiotic resistance, Sept. 1999.
Danish report on antibiotic
Specific Antibiotics and Bacteria
Methicillin-resistant Staphylcoccus aureus (MRSA)
These pages are maintained by
Ronald Fuchs, email@example.com.
Last updated on June 11, 2008